A healthy and beautiful smile isn’t just about your teeth. It’s about the general health of your mouth, including your lips, teeth, and gums. However, it is common to develop uneven gums. For some, their gums rest too low or too high on teeth. Fortunately, with the progressive advancements in oral health, you can reclaim your smile once more with gum reduction surgery.
Typically, receding gums refer to a condition that causes your teeth to look longer than usual as a result of gums that are too high. On the other hand, your gum tissue may cover a large section of your teeth, making them look smaller than usual.
What causes uneven gums?
Generally, various factors contribute to uneven gums. Some of these include:
- Poor oral health. Besides routine dental visits, it’s important to brush, floss and rinse your mouth using antibacterial mouthwash. Poor oral hygiene promotes the formation of tartar below and above the gum line. which leads to uneven gums.
- Hormone levels. Variation in the hormone levels among women during puberty, pregnancy or menopause can cause gums to recede.
- Periodontal disease. This is a bacterial infection that affects your gums and damages tissue as well as the supporting bone that keeps your teeth in place.
- Aggressive brushing. Although proper oral hygiene is essential, understanding how to brush your teeth properly is just as important. Generally, brushing too hard or in the wrong way can wear out your enamel and cause gum recession.
- Genes. According to research, over 30% of the population is genetically predisposed to gum disease, whether you practice good oral hygiene or not.
- Tobacco products. Generally, tobacco users are more likely to develop a sticky plaque and tartar on their teeth. Ultimately, the buildup of this substance can be challenging to reduce and hence, lead to gum recession.
Is gum reduction right for you?
Although gum recession is a common dental issue, it’s not something you should ignore. Naturally, the process occurs gradually and may be difficult to notice during the early stages. Nonetheless, with proper dental care and routine dental visits, your dentist can detect the condition and prevent further damage.
Typically, when uneven gums start forming, pockets or gaps occur between your teeth and the gum line. These gaps promote the build-up of disease-causing bacteria. If left untreated, it may lead to severe complications. Additionally, you may experience tooth sensitivity or notice that your tooth looks more prolonged than usual. Luckily, your dentist performs several gum reshaping treatment to repair your gums and restore your teeth to a healthier appearance.
What should you do about receding gums?
Typically, numerous procedures can restore or repair uneven gums. However, waiting for them to grow back isn’t one of them. Below are corrective measures to fight gum recession.
In this treatment, your dentist places a gum-coloured resin over the roots of the affected teeth. Dental bonding protects your sensitive tooth root while it reduces the appearance of uneven gums.
Deep dental cleaning
To slow down the process and prevent tooth loss, consider visiting your dentists. They will perform an oral examination to determine how far your gums have receded and determine the next step. However, when bacteria is present in the pockets or gaps, dentists carry out a deep cleaning procedure referred to as scaling and root planing. In some cases, your dentist may recommend an antibiotic mouthwash or apply a slow-release antibacterial gel under your gums.
Moreover, to maintain your progress, you must commit yourself to proper dental hygiene to prevent bacteria or the formation of tartar or calculus. To do this, you can:
- Brush and floss your teeth at least twice daily.
- Go for routine dental checkups as well as deep dental cleaning.
For severe cases, your dentist may recommend surgery to remove the bacteria from under your gums or replace missing tissue. Common surgical procedures include:
- Gum lifting: Gums that appear too visible make your teeth look smaller than they are, while uneven gums make your teeth appear larger than they are. However, gum contouring can restore your teeth to their healthy appearance. This cosmetic procedure is used to change the shape of your oral tissue by getting rid of excess gum.
- Flap surgery: During this procedure, your dentists make a small incision in your gum tissue, lifts it and removes bacteria that weren’t removed during scaling. Upon completion, they secure the soft tissue back in place.
- Gum graft: An oral surgeon takes tissue from elsewhere within your mouth and surgically places it in the region where the gum recession occurred.
Having a perfect smile goes beyond improving your confidence, it’s about having a healthy mouth. Consult your nearest Toronto dentist today about the available cosmetic dentistry options for you.