Some still need to wear dental braces to achieve a beautiful smile despite having great oral care regimen. Their poor teeth alignment, teeth gaps, crookedness or overcrowding teeth are fixed through the use of braces. Braces are appliances that put pressure on the teeth and cause movement. An orthodontist specializes in this type of dental treatment. Also, he sets specific goals in planning for the treatment that’s tailored-fit to every patient’s case. On one hand, patients need to exercise orthodontic braces care daily so as not to delay the progress of the treatment. More importantly, they must see their orthodontist regularly during the course of the treatment.
Components of dental braces
There are two types of dental braces based on the kind of material used; ceramic or metal braces. In general, there are six components of orthodontic braces.
- Dental brackets. These are square-shaped pieces that are commonly attached on the teeth’s surface. Some patients prefer their brackets to be placed at the back of the teeth so they could be hidden. The only drawback of this type is that orthodontic braces care becomes more complex. At present, these attachments are made smaller so they become less noticeable.
- Orthodontic bands. These ring-like bands are cemented to the molars or rear teeth. These have metal attachments which hold the archwires on both ends.
- Flexible archwires. The archwires link the brackets and orthodontic bands to add pressure and move the teeth into the correct position. The orthodontist uses thicker archwires to exert more pressure during the early stages of the treatment.
- Rubber bands. These removable bands are placed on the bracket hooks to add constant pressure to the teeth. The pressure gradually influences the movement of upper and lower teeth until the correct bite or occlusion is achieved.
- Ligatures. They are small elastic ties used to attach each bracket to the archwires.
- Coil Springs. These are placed over the archwires between two brackets that are too close. Sometimes, orthodontists need to use these to create space between two teeth.
Caring for your dental braces
Every component of the dental braces can trap food particles and promote bacterial growth. Hence, you need to dedicate more time in cleaning your teeth after meals and before you sleep. Aside from that, you also need the help of your Toronto orthodontist to clean your teeth so you must not skip your monthly dental appointment. Orthodontic braces care may be tedious yet it’s necessary for a successful treatment.